Around 90% of all greenhouses across the world are covered with film or plastic sheets. Multilayer film structures allow for elastic, hail-resistant film covers with high levels of transparency and suitable qualities, such as NIR reduction and an anti-drop effect.
There are different classes of good-value PE-based films, depending on the envisaged purpose and length of use, as well as co-extruded films with functionalised layers and high-quality PVC films. If a particularly long lifespan is an important factor (lifespans of over 25 years are possible), then glass and EFTE film coatings (e.g. F-Clean® from AGC) are practically the only two options open to you.
The provisions of construction law and the needs of specific types of plants require the use of special types of glass, which, in turn, require an expensive frame due to their weight. EFTE films offer a number of benefits, which make replacing glass and high-quality PE composite films worthwhile:
Optimum use of solar energy (85-90% transparency)
Tearproof, elastic and extremely resistant to hail
Provides great heat insulation when two or three layers are used (<3.5W/m² for a greenhouse)
Creates savings when two or three layers are used, by reducing power consumption by over 30%
Can block IR radiation and provides shade where special equipment is used
Very light, meaning it is also suitable for retractable roofs and other large roof ventilation systems.
Can be used as a film curtain, making it possible to completely open up the greenhouse.
When used as a covering material, EPTE film falls into the B1 building material class (fire-resistant).
Also suitable for greenhouse structures that use a combination of glass and film to save energy (CO2 optimisation).
Extremely resistant to chemicals, cannot be damaged through contact with chemical sprays.
No undesired longitudinal growth, chlorophyll is similar to that in plants grown on open land.
Regardless of the envisaged use of a film greenhouse with ETFE covering, whether it’s for cultivating vegetables and ornamental plants, producing seedlings or for hardening off, the film membrane can still get repeatedly damaged by accident. Strong gusts of wind and the abrasion of load-bearing parts can also cause damage to the film. Given that EFTE is extremely resistant to contamination (given that it is an anti-adhesive surface) it is difficult to repair with standard tape. The surface, which has properties similar to Teflon, prevents good adhesion.
That is why, for many years, CMC Klebetechnik has been making a type of tape that is particularly effective in repairing ETFE film greenhouses. The tape consists of a 100µm strong EFTE film from Nowofol. This tape is extremely resistant to chemicals and ageing and adheres really well to almost all surfaces, as well as being resistant to infiltration (by rain, dew or condensation). You can also use the CMC 77700 / CMC 77701 EFTE tape for sticking on chafe marks that pose a particular risk, helping to maintain the durability of the film covering.
The EFTE tape can also be used to repair membrane structures (double-layered covers with a film structure that is stabilised using compressed air), as it can cope with the shear stress placed on it during inflation.
This tape from CMC Klebetechnik allows high-quality film greenhouses to be maintained for many years, with repairs being almost invisible. This makes perfect sense when you take the costs of EFTE film into account.